Howard B. Schaffer
Howard Schaffer is a retired American Foreign Service officer who spent much of his 36-year career dealing with U.S. relations with South Asia. He served as ambassador to Bangladesh (1984-87), political counselor at American embassies in India (1977-79) and Pakistan (1974-77), and was twice deputy assistant secretary of state responsible for South Asian affairs. His earlier assignments included stints as director of the Office of Indian, Nepalese, and Sri Lankan Affairs and postings to New Delhi, Seoul, and Kuala Lumpur. He retired from the Foreign Service in 1991 and returned in 1995 to Washington from Sri Lanka, where his wife, Teresita C. Schaffer, was American ambassador. He joined ISD soon afterwards as Deputy Director and Director of Studies. In 2009 he was given the position of Senior Counselor of the Institute.
Ambassador Schaffer is the author of two biographies of American diplomats: Chester Bowles: New Dealer in the Cold War, published by the Harvard University Press in 1993, and Ellsworth Bunker: Global Troubleshooter, Vietnam Hawk, published by the University of North Carolina Press in 2003. His most recent book, The Limits of Influence: America's Role in Kashmir, published in 2009 by the Brookings Institution Press, won the American Academy of Diplomacy's prestigious Douglas Dillon Prize for the best volume on the practice of diplomacy written that year by an American author. A South Asian edition of the book has been published by Penguin India. Schaffer has written many articles and book chapters about South Asian issues. He is now collaborating with his wife on a book about the way Pakistanis negotiate with Americans, to be published in 2010 by the United States Institute of Peace.
Schaffer has a BA from Harvard College and has done graduate work at Columbia and Princeton. He was an Associate and Diplomat-in-Residence at the Institute in 1987-88 and teaches Georgetown undergraduate courses in U.S. South Asian policy and in the practice of diplomacy abroad. He also leads ISD's weekly key global issues seminar.
INAF-354: The U.S., India, Pakistan, and Afghanistan
INAF-363: Practicing Diplomacy Abroad
INAF-912: Junior Fellows in Diplomacy Research Project
Ellsworth Bunker--Global Troubleshooter, Vietnam Hawk, The University of North Carolina Press, 2003
Getting the Best--Is This the Best Way?, ISD, 2000
How the Kashmir Dispute Affects Security in South Asia, Council on Foreign Relations, 2009
India Abroad Interview's Howard Schaffer on Kashmir, India Abroad, 2009
India and Pakistan: A Time of Uncertainty, ISD, 2009
Kashmir's fuse alight, Washington Times, 2008
U.S. Should Pay Greater Attention to Pakistani-Indian Rift Over Kashmir, Council on Foreign Relations, 2008
Visit to Pakistan and India, January 2007, ISD, 2007
Blog site: southasiahand.com